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Jonas Edward Salk (October 28, 1914 – June 23, 1995)

ScienceScript-Open-Access

Jonas Edward Salk was the son of Russian-Jewish immigrants who encouraged and succeeded in providing better education. He is an American physician and one of the United States’s best-known microbiologists. His discovery “Polio vaccine” is a killed Polio virus that is capable of serving as an antigen and activating the ...

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Antonie P Van leeuwenhoek (October 24, 1632 – August 26, 1723)

ScienceScript-Open-Access

Antonie Philips van Leeuwenhoek was a Dutch tradesman and microscopist whose observations helped lay the foundations for the sciences of bacteriology and protozoology. Hence he was considered as “the Father of Microbiology”. He is best known for his work on the improvement of the microscope and for his contributions towards ...

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Christiane Nüsslein-Volhard (October 20, 1942)

ScienceScript-Open-Access

Christiane Nüsslein-Volhard a German biologist who shared the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine in 1995, with Eric Wieschaus and Edward B. Lewis, for their research concerning the mechanisms of early embryonic development. In awarding the prize to the collaborator, the Nobel Assembly predicted that their discoveries would “explain congenital ...

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Jean Dausset (October 19, 1916 – June 6, 2009)

ScienceScript-Open-Access

Jean-Baptiste-Gabriel-Joachim Dausset was a French immunologist born in Toulouse,France. with the principal observation of leuco-agglutination and thrombo-agglutination made in 1952 he gained interest and studied the genetics of immunological reactions. Dausset showed that tissue transplants would be successful when both donor and recipient shared the same human leukocyte antigen group ...

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Hermann Emil Louis Fischer (October 9, 1852 – July 15, 1919)

ScienceScript-Open-Access

Fischer was born in Euskirchen, Prussia [Ger.], the son of a businessman, Laurenz Fischer and Julie Fischer. He discovered the Fischer esterification. He developed the Fischer projection, a symbolic representation of asymmetric carbon atoms. In 1902 he was awarded the Nobel Prize in Chemistry for his work on sugar and ...

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Frits Zernike (July 16, 1888 – March 10, 1966)

Inventor of Phase Contrast Microscope and the winner of Nobel Prize, 1953

Frits Zernike: Zernike, Frits was a Dutch physicist who made important discoveries in optics, the branch of physics concerned with light and vision. In the 1930’s, Zernike invented the phase-contrast microscope, though its importance was not realized until the 1940’s. This microscopic changes the phase relationship between the light waves ...

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