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Robert Hofstadter (February 5, 1915 – November 17, 1990)

Feb 05_Forum_Sciencescript_Open_Access_Robert Hofstadter

American physicist Robert Hofstadter, was the joint winner of the 1961 Nobel Prize in Physics (together with Rudolf Mössbauer) for his pioneering studies of electron scattering in atomic nuclei and for his consequent discoveries concerning the structure of nucleons. Hofstadter was born in a Jewish family in New York City ...

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Jean-Baptiste Boussingault (February 2, 1802 – May 11, 1887)

Feb 02_Forum_Sciencescript_Open_Access_Jean-Baptiste Boussingault

French chemist Jean-Baptiste Joseph Dieudonné Boussingault made significant contributions to agricultural science, petroleum science and metallurgy. He identified the biological nitrogen cycle. His first papers were concerned with agricultural and mining topics, the gases of volcanoes, tropical rain, earthquakes, which won the commendation of Alexander von Humboldt. From 1836 , ...

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Konrad Bloch (January 21, 1912 – October 15, 2000)

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Konrad E. Bloch a German-born American biochemist, who received the 1964 Nobel Prize for Physiology or Medicine along with Feodor Lynen for their discoveries concerning the metabolism of cholesterol and fatty acids. In 1938 he obtained his doctorate At Columbia University and became a research associate of Rudolf Schoenheimer in ...

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Niels Ryberg Finsen (December 15, 1860 – September 24, 1904)

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Niels Ryberg Finsen a Danish physician, a scientist of Icelandic descent, was a founder of modern phototherapy, who received the 1903 Nobel Prize for Physiology or Medicine for the application of light radiation in the treatment of skin diseases. At the University of Copenhagen (M.D., 1890), where he became interested ...

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Edward Lawrie Tatum (December 14, 1909 – November 5, 1975)

Dec 14_Forum_Sciencescript_Open_Access_Edward Lawrie Tatum

Edward Lawrie Tatum an American biochemist who In collobaration with George Beadle and Joshua Lederberg, earned the Nobel Prize for Physiology or Medicine in 1958. Tatum helped demonstrate that genes control individual steps in metabolism. At Stanford, Tatum and Beadle used X rays to study the altered nutritional requirements of ...

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Alfred Day Hershey (December 4, 1908 – May 22, 1997)

Dec 04_Forum_Sciencescript_Open_Access_Alfred D. Hershey

Alfred Hershey American biologist who, along with Max Delbrück and Salvador Luria, won the Nobel Prize for Physiology or Medicine in 1969 for their research done on the mechanism of replication in viruses and their genetic structure. Hershey earned a doctorate in chemistry from Michigan State College (now Michigan State ...

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Martin Rodbell (December 1, 1925 – December 7, 1998)

Dec 01_Forum_Sciencescript_Open_Access_Martin Rodbell

Martin Rodbell was an American biochemist and molecular endocrinologist. He was born in a Jewish family to Shirley (née Abrams) and Milton Rodbell, a grocer. Rodbell shared the 1994 Nobel Prize for Physiology or Medicine with American pharmacologist Alfred G. Gilman for his discovery of natural signal transducers called G-proteins ...

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Translational research: A rare surgery of osteosarcoma

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Dr. Kishore Bhavanam Reddy, a musculoskeletal surgical oncologist  in American Oncology Institute performed  a rare operation that saved a 9 year-old girl suffering from osteosarcoma. Osteosarcoma attacks bones, often the long ones in the arms or legs of children or teenagers, and presents unique challenges for physicians when it occurs in young ...

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Daniel Nathans (October 30, 1928 – November 16, 1999)

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Nathans was the last of nine children born to Russian Jewish immigrant parents, Sarah (Levitan) and Samuel Nathans. He is an American microbiologist who shared the Nobel Prize for Physiology or Medicine in 1978, with his colleagues, Hamilton Othanel Smith and Werner Arber of John Hopkins University. The three scientists ...

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