Robert Huber, German biochemist who received the Nobel Prize for Chemistry in 1988 along with Johann Deisenhofer and Hartmut Michel. They were awarded for determining the of structure of an intramembrane protein important in photosynthesis. He did research in using crystallography to elucidate the structure of organic compounds.
He studied chemistry at the Technische Hochschule, Munich receiving his diploma in 1960. In 1971 he became the director of the Max Planck Institute for Biochemistry, but remained associated with Munich Technical University from where he received his doctorate (1976). Huber being a renowned expert in handling X-ray diffraction technique, used it to determine the atomic structure of various proteins. Once protein is crystallized then applying X-ray crystallography the protein’s structure is elucidated. His work started in 1970 with the study of basic pancreatic inhibitor and extended to various protein and drug designs until today.
By 1985 the trio succeeded in determining the complete atomic structure of a photosynthetic reaction centre, an essential protein for photosynthesis in purple bacteria. He conducted his award-winning research at the Max Planck Institute. This work greatly helped in the understanding of the mechanisms of photosynthesis in all photosynthetic organisms.
Since 2005 he has been doing research at the Center for medical biotechnology of the University of Duisburg-Essen and was one of the original editors of the Encyclopedia of Analytical Chemistry.